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看看这些来自美国非常权威非常正统非常地道的关于外贸支付方式的解读

时间:2018.05.29信息来源:功夫外贸

很多外贸业务员新手们对付款方式,D/P,D/A, 以及汇票的出票人,付款人的英文用语非常容易搞混,有的甚至搞错。这是非常重要的。


请收藏这段短文,一旦你对这些用语不懂或者记错时,打开看看。


The two principal methods of payment for exported goods are  by bill of Exchange and by letter of credit.  the bill of exchange is an order in writing requesting someone (the buyer) to pay a specified sum of moeny at a specified date.


出口货物的两种主要付款方式是通过汇票和信用证。 汇票是一份书面命令,要求某人(买方)在指定日期支付指定的款项。


if the bill must be paid immediately, it is known as a sight Bill. The drawer ( Exporter) draws up the bill of Exchange, naming the person who must pay the bill. 


如果汇票必须被马上付款,它被称为视力即期汇票。 出票人(出口商)出具汇票,指定汇票的付款人。


This person (the buyer) is known as the drawee. The drawer (the exporter) then gives the Bill of Exchange to the bank, 


这个人(买方)被称为付款人。 出票人(出口商)然后将汇票交给银行。


When the bank presents the bill to the drawee (the Buyer) he must either  pay it immediately (if it is a Sight Bill) or accept if by writing " Accepted" on it. 


当银行向付款人(买方)提示汇票时,他必须马上支付(如果是即期汇票),或者如果以书面形式在汇票上承诺“接受 “ 。


By accepting a bill,  a person agree to pay the bill at a specified date (usually in three months), 


通过承兑汇票,一个人同意在指定日期(通常在三个月内)支付汇票,


When the drawee pays or accepts the bill. the bank gives him the documents which allow him to collect the goods from the quay when they arrive.


当付款人支付或承兑汇票时。 银行给他装船文件,允许他在货物到达时从码头提取货物。


Receiving the documents when the Sight Bill is paid is called " Documets against Payment D/P" Receiving the documents when a bill is accepted is called "Documents against Acceptace D/A".


当即期汇票支付后收到运输单据,这称为“付款交单-D / P”。当承兑汇票后收到运输单据称为“承兑交单-D / A”。


The main document in exporting is the Bill of Lading,which is the title deed to the goods, The title deed is the document (deed) which proves ownership of the goods. 


出口的主要文件是提单,这是货物的所有权契据,契据是证明货物所有权的文件(契约)。


When a Bill of Exchange has been accepted by the drawee it becomes negotiable. This means that is can be transferred to another person, to pay a debt for example. 


当付款人已经承兑汇票时,它可以转让。 这意味着可以转移给另一个人,例如支付债务。


On the other hand, if the exporter does not want to wait for payment of an accepted Bill of Exchange. he can discount (sell) it at a Discount House. Discounting Bills of Exchange is a way of lending and borrowing money. 


另一方面,如果出口商不想等待承兑汇票的支付。 他可以在贴现行贴现(卖出)。 贴现票据是一种贷款和借款的方式。


A Bill of Lading is also negotiable so goods can be sold by selling the Bill of Lading before the goods actually arrive in the importing country.


提单也可以议付,所以货物可以在货物实际到达进口国之前通过出售提单的方式出售


A letter of credit is a letter written by the buyer's bank to the exporter's bank authorizing payment of a specified sum of money to a specified person ( the exporter). 


信用证是买方银行向出口商银行写的一封信,批准向指定人(出口商)支付指定的金额。


The importer has to apply to his bank to open a letter of credit. The exporter is paid when the presents the export documents to his bank.


进口商必须向其银行申请开立信用证。 出口商在出口文件到他的银行时支付。


   
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